Peer-reviewed articles

Vingron, Naomi, Jason Gullifer, Julia Hamill, Jakob R. E. Leimgruber, & Debra Titone. in preparation. Eye movement methods to investigate text processing within real-world linguistic landscapes.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. under review. Global multilingualism, local bilingualism, official monolingualism: The linguistic landscape of a downtown Montreal street.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E., Peter Siemund & Laura Terassa. under review. From multilingualism to bilingualism: Social stratification and language attitudes in Singapore.

Deuber, Dagmar, Andrea Sand & Jakob R. E. Leimgruber. accepted for publication. Singaporean internet chit chat compared to informal spoken language: linguistic variation and indexicality in a language contact situation. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2016. Bah in Singapore English. World Englishes 35.1: 78–97. doi pdf

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2014. Singlish as defined by young educated Chinese Singaporeans. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 230: 45–63. doi pdf

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2013. The trouble with World Englishes: Rethinking the concept of 'geographical varieties' of English. English Today 29.3: 3–7. doi pdf

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2012. Singapore English: An indexical approach. World Englishes 31.1: 1–14. doi pdf

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2011. Singapore English. Language and Linguistics Compass 5.1: 47–62. doi pdf

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Monographs

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2013. Singapore English: Structure, variation, and usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Studies in English Language series. link (now also in paperback)
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Book chapters

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E., Naomi Vingron & Debra Titone. under review. What do people notice from real-world linguistic landscapes? A review of the literature and recommendations for future research.

Lacoste, Véronique, Jakob R. E. Leimgruber, & Thiemo Breyer. 2014. Authenticity: A view from inside and outside sociolinguistics. In Véronique Lacoste, Jakob R. E. Leimgruber, & Thiemo Breyer (eds) Indexing Authenticity: Sociolinguistic perspectives, 1–13. Berlin: de Gruyter. Linguæ & Litteræ series. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. & Lavanya Sankaran. 2014. Imperfectives in Singapore's Indian community. In Marianne Hundt & Devyani Sharma (eds) English in the Indian Diaspora, 105–130. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Varieties of English Around the World series. pdf link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2013. The management of multilingualism in a city-state: Language policy in Singapore. In Peter Siemund, Ingrid Gogolin, Monika Schulz, & Julia Davydova (eds) Multilingualism and Language Contact in Urban Areas: Acquisition, development, teaching, communication, 229–258. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pdf link

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Edited volumes

Lacoste, Véronique, Jakob R. E. Leimgruber, & Thiemo Breyer (eds). 2014 Indexing Authenticity: Sociolinguistic perspectives. Berlin: de Gruyter. Linguæ & Litteræ series. link
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Conference proceedings

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2008. From post-creole continuum to diglossia: the case of Singapore English. In Miltiadis Kokkonidis (ed) Proceedings of LingO 2007, 149–156. Oxford: Faculty of Linguistics, Philology, and Phonetics. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2008. English in Singapore: diglossia or continuum? In Jo Angouri, Kakia Chatsiou, Elena Papadopulou, Sirirat Na Ranong, Renita Silva, Phillip Tipton, & Michèle Vincent (eds) LangUE 2007: Proceedings of the 2nd Language at the University of Essex Postgraduate Conference. Colchester: Department of Language and Linguistics. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2008. Discourse particles and the Singaporean diglossia. In Andrea Donakey, Aurélie Joubert, Fil Nereo, & Christiana Themistocleous (eds) Papers in Linguistics from the University of Manchester (PLUM): Proceedings from the 16th International Postgraduate Linguistics Conference, 20 April 2007, 47–59. Manchester: School of Languages, Linguistics, and Cultures.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2007. Variation in Singapore English as reflected in aspectual constructions. In Naomi Hilton, Rachel Arscott, Katherine Barden, Arti Krishna, Sheena Shah, & Meg Zellers (eds) CamLing2007: Proceedings of the 5th University of Cambridge Postgraduate Conference in Language Research held on 20–21 March 2007, 162–168. Cambridge: Institute of Language Research. link

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Book reviews

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2015. Review of: Rosen, Anna. 2014. Grammatical variation and change in Jersey English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. LinguistList issue 26.404, 21 January 2015. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2012. Review of: Chapman, Siobhan. 2006. Thinking about language: Theories of English. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. The European Legacy 17.2: 263. doi

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2009. Review of: Mesthrie, Rajend. (ed) 2008. Varieties of English. Volume 4: Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. LinguistList issue 20.2281, 24 June 2009. link

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Theses

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2009. Modelling variation in Singapore English. D.Phil thesis, Faculty of English, University of Oxford. pdf

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2005. Interviewer influence and linguistic variation in the English of twenty younger educated Singaporeans. Master's thesis, Faculty of Arts, University of Fribourg, Switzerland.

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Other publications

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2011. Teaching and learning guide for: Singapore English. Language and Linguistics Compass5.7: 505–508. doi
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Papers presented

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. accepted. Local bilingualism and global connectedness: New Montrealers' language attitudes and repertoires. METHODS XVI: 16th International Conference on Methods in Dialectology. National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics, Tōkyō, Japan, 7–11 August 2017.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E., Leslie Lee, & Mie Hiramoto. accepted. Workshop: Synchronic transfers in Colloquial Singapore English: Case studies based on text message data. METHODS XVI: 16th International Conference on Methods in Dialectology. National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics, Tokyo, Japan, 7–11 August 2017.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E., Chang Wei Xing, & Magdalene Ong Wenli. accepted. Colloquial Singapore English one and de in a corpus of WhatsApp text messages. Synchronic transfers in Colloquial Singapore English, workshop at METHODS XVI: 16th International Conference on Methods in Dialectology. National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics, Tōkyō, Japan, 7–11 August 2017.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2017. Language choice in Montreal's allophone 'community': between language policy and pragmatism. Approaches to migration, language and identity. University of Lausanne, Switzerland, 4–6 May 2017.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2017. Montreal's linguistic landscape: Instances of top-down and bottom-up language planning. 375 years of language contact in Montreal, panel at the 42nd Annual Conference of the British Association for Canadian Studies. London, United Kingdom, 20–22 April 2017.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2017. Itineracy immobilised: The linguistic landscape of a Singaporean hawker centre. 9th Linguistic Landscapes International Workshop. Luxembourg, 29–31 March 2017.

Siemund, Peter, Jakob R. E. Leimgruber & Laura Terassa. 2016. From multilingualism to bilingualism: social stratification and language attitudes in Singapore. Multidisciplinary Approaches in Language Policy and Planning Conference 2016. University of Calgary, Canada, 1–3 September 2016.

Siemund, Peter, Jakob R. E. Leimgruber & Laura Terassa. 2016. From multilingualism to bilingualism: social stratification and language attitudes in Singapore. 21st Sociolinguistics Symposium. University of Murcia, Spain, 15–18 June 2016.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E., Julia Hamill, Naomi Vingron & Debra Titone. 2016. From the street to the laboratory: Investigating linguistic landscapes with eye tracking. 8th Linguistic Landscapes International Workshop. University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, 27–29 April 2016.

Titone, Debra, Julia Hamill, Naomi Vingron & Jakob R. E. Leimgruber. 2016. Eye movement methods to investigate text processing within real-world linguistic landscapes. 37th International LAUD Symposium. University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany, 4–6 April 2016.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2015. Attitudes towards official language(s) and policies in Quebec. Langue nationale, dialectes/langues régionales, langues des migrants. University of Freiburg, 19 November 2015.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2015. Language choice and language policy in a globalised city: English, French, and more in Montreal. The Sociolinguistics of Globalisation: (De)centering and (de)standardisation. University of Hong Kong, 3–6 June 2015.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2015. Language policies and language attitudes in Quebec. GAPS 2015: 26th Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Anglophone Postkoloniale Studien. University of Münster, Germany, 14–16 May 2015.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2014. English language policy in multilingual polities: promotion in Singapore, demotion in Quebec, and indifference in Wales. ISLE3: 3rd Conference of the International Society for the Linguistics of English. University of Zurich, Switzerland, 24–27 August 2014.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2014. Les effets de la planification langagière sur le paysage linguistique au Québec, au pays de Galles et à Singapour. ACFAS82: 82ème Congrès de l'Association Francophone pour le Savoir. Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 12–16 May 2014.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2014. Répertoires linguistiques et attitudes langagières dans un échantillon québécois de locuteurs francophones et anglophones. Diversity and Quebec’s English-speaking communities, conference of the ACFAS82: 82ème Congrès de l'Association Francophone pour le Savoir. Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 12–16 May 2014.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2013. Linguistic landscapes and language planning in urban settings: English in Singapore and Montreal. 37th Annual Meeting of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistic Association. Université de Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada, 1–2 November 2013.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2013. Visualising multilingualism: Linguistic landscapes in Singapore, Wales, and Québec. 19th International Congress of Linguists. University of Geneva, 22–27 July 2013.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2013. Between threat and opportunity: English and multilingual policies in Singapore, Wales, and Québec. 9th International Symposium on Bilingualism. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 10–13 June 2013.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2012. World Englishes and the trouble with multilingualism. 19th Sociolinguistics Symposium. Freie Universität Berlin, 21–24 August 2012.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2012. Language policies and acquisition planning in Asia and Europe: Two case studies. English in Asia's Languages Habitats and Europe's Asia competence. Department of Philosophy and Humanities, Freie Universität Berlin, 9–12 May 2012.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2012. Language shift in an officially multilingual city-state. Bilingual and Multilingual Interaction. ESRC Centre for Research on Bilingualism in Theory and Practice, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom, 30 March – 1 April 2012.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2011. Singapore's Indian community: Social, linguistic, and sociolinguistic aspects. Indian Diaspora Workshop at ISLE2: 2nd triennial conference of the International Society for the Linguistics of English. Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 17–21 June 2011.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. & Lavanya Sankaran. 2011. Imperfectives in Singapore English: New evidence for ethnic varieties? [Poster] ISLE2: 2nd triennial conference of the International Society for the Linguistics of English. Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 17–21 June 2011.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2010a. Native English in multilingual settings. JASGIL: Joint Advanced Study Group in Linguistics. University of Basle, Switzerland, 22–23 October 2010.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2010b. The heterogeneity of geographically defined World Englishes: Evidence from 'Singapore English'. 18th Sociolinguistics Symposium. University of Southampton, 1–4 September 2010.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2010c. English and identity in Singapore: An indexical approach. 21st GNEL/ASNEL Conference. University of Bayreuth, Germany, 13–16 May 2010.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2010d. Geographically defined varieties in a globalised world: The Singaporean case. SWELL 2010: Swiss Works in English Language and Linguistics. University of Berne, Switzerland, 12 March 2010.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2009. Ethnicity as a variable in Singapore English. ICLCE3: 3rd International Conference on the Linguistics of Contemporary English. Institute of English Studies, University of London, 15–17 July 2009.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2008a. Sociolinguistic variation in Singapore: towards a new model. NWAV 37: New Ways of Analysing Variation. Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA, 6–9 November 2008.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2008b. 'Singlish', 'Good English', and what's in between: a model for sociolinguistic variation in Singapore. First Triennial Conference of the International Society for the Linguistics of English. English Department, University of Freiburg, Germany, 8–11 October 2008. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2008c. Modelling sociolinguistic variation in Singapore English. SWELL 2008: Swiss Works in English Language and Linguistics. Department of English, University of Geneva, Switzerland, 7 March 2008.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2007a. From post-creole continuum to diglossia: The case of Singapore English. LingO 2007: 2nd Oxford Postgraduate Conference in Linguistics. Centre for Linguistics and Philology, University of Oxford, 21–22 September 2007. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2007b. English in Singapore: Diglossia or continuum? LangUE 2007: 2nd Language at the University of Essex Postgraduate Conference. Department of Language and Linguistics, University of Essex, 13 July 2007.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2007c. Discourse particles and the Singaporean diglossia. [Poster] 16th International Postgraduate Linguistics Conference. Department of Linguistics, University of Manchester, 20 April 2007.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2007d. Variation in Singapore English as reflected in aspectual constructions. [Poster] CamLing 2007: 5th University of Cambridge Postgraduate Conference in Language Research. Institute of Language Research, University of Cambridge, 20–21 March 2007. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2006. Diglossia in Singapore? English Graduate Conference. Faculty of English, University of Oxford, 9 June 2006.

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Invited talks

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2017. Sociolinguistic fieldwork in extra-European settings: Lessons from Quebec and Singapore. Research Colloquium. Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik, University of Hamburg, 23 May 2017.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2015. Language policy and linguistic landscape: The English language in Quebec, Singapore, and Wales. Varieties of English lecture. Department of English, University of Mannheim, 5 October 2015.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2015. Singapore English: Structure, variation, and usage. Cycle BCL. UMR 7320: Bases, Corpus, Langage, Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France, 20 February 2015.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2011. Officially quadrilingual: Multilingualism in Singapore and Switzerland. Research Seminar. Division of Linguistics and Multilingual Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 9 September 2011. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2011. Multilingual 'islands': Language variation and policy in Switzerland and Singapore. Departmental Seminars in Semester 2, 2010/11. National University of Singapore, 31 August 2011.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2010. The management of multilingualism in a city-state. Linguistic Diversity Management in Urban Areas Research Cluster. University of Hamburg, Germany, 29 March 2010. link

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2007. Multilingual Singapore. Bilingualism lecture series (Summer Term 2007). Department of English, University of Fribourg, Switzerland, 5 April 2007.

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Departmental colloquia, etc.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2016. Language planning and language use in Montreal. Oberseminar. Department of English, University of Freiburg, Germany, 14 January 2016.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2015. Language repertoires and attitudes in Quebec: A fieldwork report. Oberseminar. Department of English, University of Freiburg, Germany, 15 January 2015.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2014. Language policy in multilingual cities: effects on the linguistic landscape of Singapore and Montreal. Colloquium series. Department of Linguistics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 7 February 2014.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2012. Global English in multilingual settings: A new look at (some) World Englishes. Oberseminar. Department of English, University of Freiburg, Germany, 23 January 2012.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2009. Modelling variation in Singapore English. Oberseminar. Department of English, University of Freiburg, Germany, 25 November 2009.

Leimgruber, Jakob R. E. 2009. Ethnicity as a variable in Singapore English. Linguistic Circle research seminars. School of Linguistics and English Language, Bangor University, Wales, 25 February 2009. link

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